Engineering Physics 2 syllabus
UNIT I CONDUCTING MATERIALS
Conductors – classical free electron theory of metals – Electrical and thermal conductivity –Wiedemann – Franz law – Lorentz number – Draw backs of classical theory – Quantum theory – Fermi distribution function – Effect of temperature on Fermi Function – Density of energy states -carrier concentration in metals.
UNIT II SEMICONDUCTING MATERIALS 9
Intrinsic semiconductor – carrier concentration derivation – Fermi level – Variation of Fermi level with temperature – electrical conductivity – band gap determination – compound semiconductors –direct and indirect band gap- derivation of carrier concentration in n-type and p-type semiconductor – variation of Fermi level with temperature and impurity concentration –– Hall effect –Determination of Hall coefficient – Applications.
UNIT III MAGNETIC AND SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS 9
Origin of magnetic moment – Bohr magneton – comparison of Dia, Para and Ferro magnetism – Domain theory – Hysteresis – soft and hard magnetic materials – antiferromagnetic materials – Ferrites and its applications Superconductivity : properties – Type I and Type II superconductors – BCS theory of superconductivity(Qualitative) – High Tc superconductors – Applications of superconductors – SQUID, cryotron, magnetic levitation.
UNIT IV DIELECTRIC MATERIALS 9
Electrical susceptibility – dielectric constant – electronic, ionic, orientational and space charge polarization – frequency and temperature dependence of polarisation – internal field – Claussius – Mosotti relation (derivation) – dielectric loss – dielectric breakdown – uses of dielectric materials (capacitor and transformer) – ferroelectricity and applications.
UNIT V ADVANCED ENGINEERING MATERIALS 9
Metallic glasses: preparation, properties and applications. Shape memory alloys (SMA):Characteristics, properties of NiTi alloy, application, Nanomaterials– Preparation -pulsed laser deposition – chemical vapour deposition – Applications – NLO materials –Birefringence- optical Kerr effect – Classification of Biomaterials and its applications
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