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## Engineering graphics Syllabus

UNIT I PLANE CURVES AND FREE HAND SKETCHING
Basic Geometrical constructions, Curves used in engineering practices: Conics – Construction of Ellipse , Construction of Parabola and Construction of Hyperbola by eccentricity method – Construction of cycloid construction of involutes of square and construction of involutes of circleDrawing of tangents and normal to the above curves, Scales: Construction of Diagonal and Vernier scales. Visualization concepts and Free Hand sketching: Visualization principles – Layout of views- Free Hand sketching of multiple views from pictorial views of objects.

UNIT II PROJECTION OF POINTS, LINES AND PLANE SURFACES
Orthographic projection– principles-Principal planesFirst angle orthographic projectionprojection of points. Projection of lines (only First angle projections) inclined to both the principal planes – Determination of true lengths and true inclinations by rotating line method and traces Projection of planes (polygonal and circular surfaces) inclined to both the principal planes by rotating object method.

UNIT III PROJECTION OF SOLIDS
Projection of prism , Projection of pyramid ,Projections of cylinder,Projection of cone and Projection of truncated solids when the axis is inclined to one of the principal planes by rotating object method and auxiliary plane method.

UNIT IV PROJECTION OF SECTIONED SOLIDS AND DEVELOPMENT OF SURFACES
Sections of solids in simple vertical position when the cutting plane is inclined to the one of the principal planes and perpendicular to the other – obtaining true shape of section. Development of lateral surfaces of simple and sectioned solids – Prisms, pyramids cylinders and cones. Development of lateral surfaces of solids with cut-outs and holes .

UNIT V ISOMETRIC AND PERSPECTIVE PROJECTIONS
Principles of isometric projectionisometric scaleIsometric projections of simple solids and truncated solidsPrisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones– combination of two solid objects in simple vertical positions and miscellaneous problems. Perspective projection of simple solids-Prisms, pyramids and cylinders by visual ray method .

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