The water Act of 1974:
The water (Prevention and control of pollution) Act of 1974 was the first national law for pollution control in India. As per the Act, a Central Board for Water Pollution, prevention and control was established to co-ordinate the activities of the state pollution control boards and provide technical knowhow and guidance to different state boards.
The water polluted from industrial wastes was the main target of this Act. This Act aims to check water pollution of major rivers of the country and their subsidiaries due to sewage system, chemical fertiliser and insecticides .The physical and chemical properties of the water is monitored to check water borne diseases. The water Act 1974 was amended is 1977 and 1978 to provide financial support to state boards by way of 2 percent water tax levied to industrial and local bodies.