The Air Act 1981:
The Air (prevention and control of pollution) Act was enacted on 29 March 1981. This Act was made when “United Nation Conference on the Human Environment” held in June 1972 at Stockholm, Sweden asked all the member countries to take appropriate steps for the preservation of natural resources including air. This Act was promulgated in India to prevent air pollution.
The brief outlines of the Act are as follows:
1. The presence of various pollutants in the air beyond certain limit is prohibited as it effects on the health of people, plants and animals.
2. The Government of India has decided to compliment the decision of UN Conference on Environment 1972 for the preservation of the quality of air and control of air pollution.
3. The Central Board for the prevention and control of water pollution constituted under the water Act 1974 will also perform the functions of Central Board for the prevention and control of Air Pollution and similar State Board for the prevention and control of Air pollution in states and union territories.
4. The industrialized towns and cities are specifically categorized to check growing air pollution.